मुखेल सूची उगडात

सांचो:Infobox languagePurtugez (português vo, purem, língua portuguesa) ek Ostomptechi Romance bhas jicho oromb Iberian dvipkolpant zalo.. Ti ekmev Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, ani São Tomé ani Príncipe.hanchi odhikrut bhas zavn asa[7] Tika ek soho-odhikrut bhaxecho dorzo Udent Timor, Equatorial Guinea ani Macau hanga dila.Vosnnukechea vellachea vistarachea porinnamant, ek Purtugez sonskruticho aspav ani Purtugez creole ulovpi Bharotachea Goeant, Damanv ani Diu hanga pollovnk melltta.;[8] Batticaloa hea udentichea Sri Lankachea doreadeger, Flores hea Indonesian zunvear; ani Malaysia desachea Malaccant; ani ABC zunvear Caribbeanachea zoim Papiamento uloilolem melltta, zorui Cape Verdean Creole hangasor chodd promannant Purtugez adarit Creole uloiloli sampoddtta. Purtugez ulovpi monxak vo desak "Lusofon" donui Inglix ani Purtugezint pacharpant ietat.

português
língua portuguesa

Purtugez ek Ibero-Romance pongddacho bhag zo sabar Osobheo Latim tlea pott bhasancho asa zo modlea iugantlea Galiciachea rajvottkecho ani County of Portugal,hacho ani tantunt thoddi Celtic bhaxechi avazachi pod’dot ani sobdkox disun ietat.[9][10] Sumar 215 to 220 milhanv thollave ulovpi ani 250 milhanv ekunn ulovpi, Purtugezachi volleri chodd thollave lok ulovpi bhas koxi sonvsarant sovea zagear urta, ji Evropi bhasam modem sonvsarant tisrea zagear asa ek thollavi lok uloiloli bhas koxi.,[11] ani chodd uloiloli bhas Dokxinn prithvi golant. Ti ek chodd uloiloli bhas Dokxinn Amerikentli ani Latin Amerikent Espanisha uprant dusrea zagear ieta, ani Afrikent[12] dha modli chodd ulovpi bhas zavn asa  ani ti European Union, Mercosur, OAS, ECOWAS ani African Union hachi odhikrut bhas zavn asa,

Itihasबदल

Jen’na Romi lok Iberian Dvikolpant 216 B.C. aile,, tannim tanchea sangata Latim bhas haddli zachea pasun soglleo Romance bhaso denvun aileat. Bhas Romi soinikamni, stholantor zavpi ani veapearamni posraili, zannim Romi xaram adlea Celtic vo Celtiberian sonskrutai bandli jem Romi ienvche adim zalem. Tea karonnak lagun, bhaxen ek sombondit thor chodd adlea Atlantic European Megalithic Culture[13] ani Celtic culture dovorla[14].

409 A.D. ani 711 A.D.hachea modem, jen’na Romi Somraj OstomptEvropant konsoll’llem Iberian Devikolp Germani lokan Stholantor Kallant tabeant ghetlem. Jago ghevpi, choddxe Suebi[15][16], Visigoths ani Buri[17] asle je mullacheo Germani bhaso, uloitale zannim rokhddench uxirachi Romi sonskrutai potkorli toxench dvikolpacheo Osobheo Latim pottbhaso ani fuddle 300 vorsamni thollavea lokvostint misoll zale. Moorish hanche ghure udexim ji survatechea 711 vorsa zali, Orbi bhas proxasoki ani sadharonn bhas tabeant ghetoleanchea zageanchi zali punn choddxe urololi Kristi lokvosti ek Romance bhaxecho prokar ulovpak lagle zaka sadharonnponni Mozarabic mhonn vollkhopant ieta ji tin odik xekdde Esphanant ravli.

Purtugez modheovorti kallachi bhas koxi utpon zali zaka aiz bhasxasti Galician-Purtugez pachartat. Adli Purtugez vo Adli Galician ut’tor ostomptechea modheovorti Galicia Rajvott ani County of Portugal. Latimchea proxasoki dostavezant 9vea xekddeantle boroiloli Galician-Purtugez utram ani vakiam poilim nond korpant aileant oxem melltta. Hea vakeank Proto-Purtugez, mhonn vollkhotat jim 9vea xekddea pasun 12vea xekddeant poriant urlmi je meren County of Portugal Leonchea rajvottke poriant, jem ten’na Galiciacher raj kortalem

Galician-Purtugez kallachea poilea bhagant (12vo tem14vo xekddo poriant), bhas choddant chodd dostavezam ani her borovpant vaporant ietali. Thoddea vellar, ti ek posontichi bhas kaveachi Kristi Hispaniachi asli, zoxe porim Occitan Fransachea troubadoursanchea kovitachi bhas asli. Occitan zodd okxoram lh ani nh, jim tanchea xastrio xudhlekhonant vaportale tim Purtugez, xudhlekhonant vaportale. Gerald of Braga,[18] Moissac hacho ek motthvaxi aslo ani zo Purtugalachea Braga cho Bisp 1047 aslo, tacho ek motto vantto Purtugez borovp adhunik korpant asa zannem xastrio Occitan nem vaporle..[19]. Purtugal 1139 vorsa, Purtugalchea Afonso I raza khal ek svotontr rajvott zali. 1290 vorsa, Portugachea Denis l razan poilem Purtugez videapitth Lisbonant sthaplem. ( Estudos Gerais, jem uprant Coimbra halovpant ailem ) ani Purtugezam khatir xason potr dilem, zaka sadeponni "sadharonn bhas", mhonn vollkhopant aili zaka magir Purtugez bhas pacharli ani odhikrut rupant vaporpant aili.

Adle Purtugezachea dusrea kallant,15vea ani 16vea xekddeant, Purtugezanchea sodant, bhas zaitea Afrikechea, Asiechea ani Amerikechea bhagamni vhorpant aili..Modlea-16vea xekddeant, Purtugez ek lingua franca Asia ani Afrikent zavnk pavli, ani tacho vapor fokot vosnnukechea karbharant ani veaparantuch nhoi punn thollavea odhikaream ani Evropeam soglea torechea nagrikam modem potrvevharant korpant ailo.

Tachi posravnni misoll kazaram vorvim Purtugez ani thollaveam lokam modem zavnk pavli ani tachea Romi Katolk misionaranchea sangatachea proiotnank lagun jea vorvim creole bhaso utpon zavnk pavleo zoxe porim Kristang zaiteach Asiechea bhagamni (cristão, "Christian"utra vorvim). Asiechea zaitea bhagant ti bhas famad zavnk pavli 19vea xekddea meren. Thodde Purtugez-ulovpi Kristi somaz Bharotant, SriLonkent, Molesia ani Indonesia hannim ti bhas Purtugala pasun eksure zalea uprantui samballun dovorli.

Adlea Purtugezacho kall 1516 vorsa Garcia de Resende,hannem boroilolea Cancioneiro Geral hachi porgottni zalea uprant sompunk pavlo. Adhunik Purtugezicho survatecho kall zo 16vea xekddeant tem atam poriantlo tantunt zaitim xiklolim utram jim Classical Latin and Classical Greek hantuntlim usnnim ghevpant ailim kiteak Renaissance haka lagun (Latim bhaxentlim-i utram Renaissance Latin koddlean tea kallar usnnim ghevpant aileant), zache vorvim sobdkox girest zavnk pavlo. Chodd xikxit Purtugez ulovpi te Latim bhaxentui xikxit asle, ani hea vorvim tannim sompeponnim Latim utram - ani xevttim Purtugez ulovpant aplea borovpant pottkorlim. [ul'lekh zai]सांचो:Citation needed

Espanish borovpi Miguel de Cervantes hannem ek favtt Purtugezik "ek godd ani gunnest bhas" mhollea, ani Brazili kovi Olavo Bilac tika ek a última flor do Lácio, inculta e bela ("Latium,bhaxechem nimannem ful, ganvgiri ani sundor"). Purtugezik " Camõesachi bhas mhonnpant ieta ", Luís Vaz de Camões hachea fattlean, Purtugez bhaxecho ek vhodd sahitik veokti ani Purtugez mhakovita Os Lusíadas.hacho rochpi.[1][2][3]

a última flor do Lácio, inculta e bela

2006 vorsantlea Marsant, Purtugez Bhaxecho Songrahloi, ek Purtugez bhaxecho probhavit songrahloi, São Paulo, Brazil,hanga sthap’pant ailo jea xarant jogantle choddant chodd Purtugez ulovpi asat..[23] Jogant to ekmev torecho songrahloi asa..[23] 2015 vorsa to songrahloi eka ujeant nas zalo, punn to porot bandpachi ievzonn asa...[4]

Bhugolik vanttnniGeographic distributionबदल

 
Bhovbhaxik nomuno Japani, Purtugez ani Inglix bhasamni, Oizumi, Japanantf Japani Brazili lokanchem porot stholantor zavop xarak ek vixall Purtugez-ulovpi somaz xarant zavpak pavlam.[5]

Brazilachi ani Purtugalachi chodd lokachi Purtugez thollavii bhas zavn asa. [26] ,[27] ani São Tomé che 99.8% lok ani Príncipe hannim apli bhas Purtugez mhonn 1991 lokgonttent ghoxit kelem.[citation needed] Ghoddiek Angolachi 75% lokvosti Purtugez ganvtti lok uloitat.,[28] ani 85% choddxe suddsuddit uloitat..[29] of Mozambikachi 40% odik lokvosti ( ani bhorpur vaddot asa) thollavi Purtugez ulovpi asat ani tantuntle 60% ti suddsuddit uloitat, hem 2007 vorsache lokgonttent dista.[30] Purtugez 30% Guinea-Bissauchi lokvosti uloita , ani ek Purtugez adarit creole soglleank somzota.[31] Cape Verde, khatir mhaiti mellna punn tachi soglli lokvosti don bhasanchi asa, ani ekuch bhas ulovpi lokvosti Cape Verdean Creole uloitat.सांचो:Citation needed

Mhotvache Purtugez ulovpi pordexi somaz asat zaiteach desamni zantunt Andorra (15.4%),[32] Bermuda,[33]Canada (400,275 lok 2006 vorsachea lokgonttent) hancho aspav asa,[34] Frans (900,000 lok),[35] Japan (400,000 lok),[36] Jersey,[37] Namibia (sumar 4–5% lokvosti chodd korun Anglolache nirvaxit desachea ut’torek),[38] Paraguay (10.7% vo 636,000 lok),[39] Macau (0.6% vo12,000 lok),[40] Switzerland (196,000 nagrik in 2008), [41] Venezuela (554,000).[42] ani United States(lokvostiche 0.35% vo 1,228,126 lok 2007 Amerik Somazachea Sorvekxonn)..[6]

Adlea Purtugez Bharotantle thoddea zageancher, mhonnche Goeant[44] ani Damanv ani Diu,[45] bhas sumar 10,000 lok uloitat.2014 vorsa, odmasan 1,500 Purtugez bhas Goeant xiktale.[7]

Odhikrut sthanबदल

 
Des ani zage zoim Purtugez bhaxek odhikrut sthan asa.

Purtugez bhaxechea desancho somaz s[8] (Portuguese Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, sangata asun Purtugez sonkxep CPLP) hantunt atth svotontr des asat zantunt Purtugez ek odhikrut bhas asa: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal ani São Tomé ani Príncipe]

Equatorial Guinea hannem CPLP haka Junh 2010 kelo purnn vangddiponn mellovpak ek upcharik orz, ek sthan jem fokot desank ditat zoim Purtugez ek odhikrut bhas asta..[47] 2011 vorsa, Purtugez tanchi tisri odhikrut bhas zali (Espanish ani French soddun)[48] ani, Juhy 2014, tea desak ek CPLP cho vangddi zavpak svikarpant ailem..[8]

Purtugez ek odhikrut bhas Khas Karbhareachea Zageachi Chinachea Porjerajant Macau ( Chini sangata) ani sabar ontoraxttrio sonsthanchi zantunt Mercosur,[50] the Organization of Ibero-American States,[51] the Union of South American Nations,[52] the Organization of American States,[53] the African Union,[54] the Economic Community of West African States,[54] Southern African Development Community[54] ani European Union hancho somavex asa.[9]

Lusofon desबदल

 The World Factbook pormonnem lokvosticho odmas 2017 vorsa khatir dor dha zageam khatir oso asa: (denvtea kroman):

Country Population
(July 2017 est.)[10]
More information Native language
of the majority
Status
  Brazil 207,353,391 Portuguese in Brazil   Spoken by vast majority as a native language
  Angola 29,310,273 Portuguese in Angola   Spoken by a majority (70%) as a native language;
spoken by majority as a second language
  Mozambique 26,573,706 Portuguese in Mozambique   Spoken by a significant minority as a native language;
spoken by majority as a second language
  Portugal 10,839,514 Portuguese in Portugal1   Spoken by vast majority as a native language
  Guinea-Bissau 1,792,338 Portuguese in Guinea-Bissau   Spoken by a significant minority as a native language
  East Timor 1,291,358 Portuguese in East Timor   Spoken by a small minority as a second language
  Equatorial Guinea3 778,358 Portuguese in Equatorial Guinea   Spoken by a significant minority as a native language
  Macau2 601,969 Portuguese in Macau   Spoken by a small minority as a native language
  Cape Verde 560,899 Portuguese in Cape Verde   Spoken by majority as a second language
  São Tomé and Príncipe 201,025 Portuguese in São Tomé and Príncipe   Spoken by vast majority as a native language
Total सांचो:Circa 279 million Community of Portuguese Language Countries

Ttipnneo:

  1. Some linguists argue that Galician, spoken in Galicia, is merely a dialect of Portuguese rather than an independent language; this would make northwestern Spain a part of the Portuguese-speaking world.
  2. Macau is not a sovereign nation. It is one of the two semi-autonomous Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China (the other being Anglophone Hong Kong, a former British colony).
  3. Equatorial Guinea adopted Portuguese as one of its official languages in 2007, being admitted to CPLP in 2014. The use of the Portuguese language in this country is limited. However, a Portuguese-based creole language, Annobonese Creole, is used, mainly on the islands of Annobon and Bioko.

The combined population of the entire Lusophone area was estimated at 279 million in July 2017. This number does not include the Lusophone diaspora, estimated at approximately 10 million people (including 4.5 million Portuguese, 3 million Brazilians, and half a million Cape Verdeans, among others), although it is hard to obtain official accurate numbers of diasporic Portuguese speakers because a significant portion of these citizens are naturalized citizens born outside of Lusophone territory or are children of immigrants, and may have only a basic command of the language. Additionally, a large part of the diaspora is a part of the already-counted population of the Portuguese-speaking countries and territories, such as the high number of Brazilian and PALOP emigrant citizens in Portugal or the high number of Portuguese emigrant citizens in the PALOP and Brazil.

Referencesबदल

Citationsबदल

  1. Henry Edward Watts. Miguel de Cervantes: His Life & Works.
  2. Shipley, Joseph T. (1946). Encyclopedia of Literature. Philosophical Library. p. 1188.
  3. Poddar, Prem; Patke, Rajeev S.; Jensen, Lars (2008). "Introduction: The Myths and Realities of Portuguese (Post) Colonial Society". A historical companion to postcolonial literatures: continental Europe and its empires. Edinburgh University Press. p. 431. ISBN 978-0-7486-2394-5.
  4. "Brazil: Fire engulfs Portuguese language museum in Sao Paulo, one killed". International Business Times. 22 December 2015.
  5. Carvalho, Daniela de (1 February 2013). Migrants and Identity in Japan and Brazil: The Nikkeijin. ISBN 978-1-135-78765-3.
  6. Carvalho, Ana Maria (2010). "Portuguese in the USA". In Potowski, Kim. Language Diversity in the USA. Cambridge University Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-521-74533-8.
  7. "1.500 pessoas estudam português em Goa". Revistamacau.com. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  8. Government of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea. "Equatorial Guinea, member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries".
  9. "Languages in Europe – Official EU Languages". EUROPA web portal. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2009.
  10. "The World Factbook – Field Listing – Population – CIA". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2015-03-07.
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